Tibet Plateau involves high mountains and waving rivers.
Old Tibet's extremely backward communications
and transport severely obstructed political, economic and
cultural exchanges between Tibet people and hinterland people
and bound the development of productive force.
Since the founding of New China, to realize the unification
cause, increase national unity and build the southwest border,
under the correct leadership and kind care of the Party Central
Committee and the State Council, 110,000 Tibetan and Han military
and civil road construction workers have fully displayed the
dauntless spirit of subjecting high mountains to bow and rivers
to stepping aside, made concerted efforts, overcome hardships
and dangers, enabled the Sichuan-Tibet and Qinghai-Tibet Highways
to open to Lhasa on December 25,1954, thus turning the ancient
obstruction to thoroughfare, winding up the non-highway history
in Tibet, and turning over a historic chapter in Tibet highway
Tibet highway communications construction has made major headway.
Yunnan-Tibet, Xinjiang-Tibet and Sino-Noepal arterial highways
have been successively built, and Lhasa-Gonggar, Lhasa-Tsona,
Amdo-Shiquanhe and Nagqu-Chamdo regional arterial highways,
defense highways and county-township highways have been built
since the opening of the Sichuan-Tibet and Qinghai-Tibet Highways.
Qinghai-Tibet Highway Golmud-Lhasa section 1,155 kilometers
Class 2 bituminous highway reconstruction was completed in
1985. The state has further stepped up investment in Tibet
highway construction. Between 1986 and 1988, the state injected
over 3 billion yuan in Tibet highway construction. Over 80
engineering construction projects including reconstruction
of Sino-Nepal Highway Chusu-Shigatse and Dingsuo section of
Nagqu-Qamdo Highway, rectification of Qinghai-Tibet Highway
first-phasa and second-phase project, reconstruction of Lhasa-Dazi
section on Sichuan-Tibet Highway, beautification of Lhasa-Gonggar
Highway, reconstruction of Gongze highway, and reconstruction
of Qamdo-Bamda Highway and "one highway and three bridges'
reconstruction of Xinjiang-Tibet highway were completed. A
preliminary highway network has initially taken shape, with
Lhasa as the center, the national trunk highways of Qinghai-Tibet,
Sichuan-Tibet, Yunnan-Tibet, Xinjinag-Tibet and Nagqu-Qamdo
as the backbone, interconnection of regional highways, county-township
highways and defense highways, radiating the whole region.
The network contains five national trunk highways of 5,553
kilometers, fourteen 5,434 kilometers regional highways, twenty
3,654 kilometers county highways, fifty-seven 5,410 kilometers
township highway, ninety-seven 2,35e kilometers defense highways,
and twelve 2,403 kilometers accommodation highways. Highway
bridges amount to 948 with 39,023 meters. The regional highway
open mileage stands at 24,808 kilometers, up 17,465 kilometers
from the year 1959. Except for Nyari and Qamdo prefectures,
the remaining four prefectures and one city are interconnected
with black pavement. Highways undertake 94% tasks of inbound
and exbound passenger and goods transport and over 98% of
regional passenger and goods transport. Highways are the pulse
of Tibet economy, so they are dubbed by Tibet people as rainbows
and golden bridges.